Four Wheel Driving - Information For Group Leaders

Information For Group Leaders

Adventure Activity Standard – Four Wheel Driving

This Government sponsored standard sets out a series of guidelines for activities that involve leading a group of people on a four wheel drive tour or activity. All four wheel drive activities involving youth members must adhere to the guidelines contained in the standard. The standard may be obtained from the Outdoor Recreation Centre by clicking here


  • All trips should be undertaken with at least two or more vehicles - never solo
  • All vehicles should have suitable tyres and basic recovery gear [shovel, recovery strap]
  • One or more vehicles should carry a hand winch [2.5T capacity] and accessories
  • On Black or Red trips, one or more vehicles should have a power winch [3.6T capacity] with experienced operators
  • For trips to alpine resorts, and other trips where snow is possible, vehicles must carry one pair of wheel chains
  • On trips involving non-resort snow driving two pairs of wheel chains should be carried. Equipment for an unplanned overnight stay must be carried also
  • Consider passenger comfort when allocating seats
  • Leave spare seats to allow for a disabled vehicle
  • All occupants must be seated in legally approved seats with seat belts fastened - not in trailers or the back of utilities
  • Avoid sideways facing seats especially for younger passengers
  • Youth members must not travel in vehicles driven by learner drivers


Trip Leader

  • The trip leader must hold a Certificate of Adult Leadership, have completed the Activity Leader Basic Topic 9 Common Unit and the Activity Leader Basic 4x4 Level 1 Training Course or an approved equivalent
  • They must have experience in the trip terrain type [e.g. alpine, desert] and preferably training to an advanced level [Activity Leader Advanced 4x4 Level 2] for hard trips
  • The trip leader must be able to assess the suitability of vehicles and drivers for the trip envisaged
  • It is recommended that the assistant trip leader have similar qualifications


  • All drivers must have completed the Activity Leader Basic 4x4 Level 1 training course or an approved equivalent, and have experience in the trip terrain type
  • Drivers must know how to use a recovery strap safely and understand stall procedure for manual vehicles
  • Drivers of automatics must be aware of the issues relating to descents where traction is poor


  • Passenger age and experience will determine appropriate trip classification