Geocaching - What Is A Geocache?

What Is A Geocache?

GeocachingA Geocache, or cache, can be a container of almost any type that can be sealed. Most caches are a plastic container with a lid of some sort. Inside every cache is a note book or log in which you record your visit, then a selection of “Swaps” which can be almost anything.

Caches can be large as plastic bucket or as small as a thimble or even smaller! Some caches are easy finds, others are so devilishly cunning they sometime take two or three visits to find.
Caches can clip on, be stuck, be magnetic, be camouflaged or painted a special way. Caches can be out in the open disguised or carefully hidden under something - almost anything could be a cache in disguise.They can be in cities and towns or bushland or reserves – Anywhere!


 The following are just some of the geocaches available:

Traditional CacheTraditional Cache:

This type of geocache consisting of, at minimum, a container and a log book or logsheet. Larger containers generally include items for trade. “Nano” or “micro” caches are tiny containers that only hold a logsheet. The coordinates listed on the traditional cache page provide the geocache’s exact location.


This type of geocache involves two or more locations. The final location is a physical container. There are many variations, but most Multi-Caches have a hint to find the second cache, and the second cache has a hint to the third, and so on.

Mystery CacheMystery or Puzzle Cache:

This type of geocache may involve complicated puzzles that you will first need to solve to determine the coordinates. Mystery/Puzzle Caches often become the staging ground for new and unique geocaches that do not fit in another  category.


This type of geocache is usually a special place that people can visit to learn about a unique geoscience feature of our Earth. EarthCache pages include a set of educational notes along with cache coordinates. Visitors to EarthCaches can see how our planet has been shaped by geological processes, how we manage its resources and how scientists gather evidence to learn about the Earth. 

For more information on earthcaches, go to

Event Cache

Event Cache:

This type of geocache is usually a gathering of geocachers. The event could be a BBQ, a training activity or the World Wide Flash Mob, which is an annual event. The Event Cache page specifies a time for the event and provides coordinates to its location. After the event, the cache is archived.


 Geocaching is a family friendly game so caches are not in drains, buried, high up in tree’s or in the middle of roads!

(Certain exceptions to these rules are available for advanced, experienced adult Geocachers).

For more information about geocaching, go to the Geocaching 101 page at